VILNIUS – CAPITAL OF LITHUANIA
The capital of the Republic of Lithuania is Vilnius. It is the largest city in the country: has a population of 600,000. Current area of Vilnius is 392 square kilometres. The County of Vilnius covers the regions of Vilnius, Elektrenai, Salcininkai, Sirvintos, Svencionys, Trakai, and Ukmerge totalling to 965,000 ha. The Old Town, historical centre of Vilnius, is one of the largest in Eastern Europe. The most valuable historic and cultural heritage is concentrated here. The buildings in the old town – there are about 1.5 thousand of them – were built in a number of different centuries, therefore, it is a mixture of all European architectural styles. Although Vilnius is often called a baroque city, here you will find some buildings of gothic, renaissance and other styles. The main sights of the city are the Gediminas Castle and the Cathedral Square, symbols of the capital. Their combination is also a gateway to the historic centre of the capital. Because of its uniqueness, the Old Town of Vilnius was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1994. Vilnius is also the largest administrative centre in Lithuania with all major political, economic, social and cultural centres.